Patient Information

Knee Arthritis

Knee Osteotomy

Knee Keyhole Surgery - Arthroscopy


ACL Surgery

ACL Rehab Protocol

Multiple Ligament Surgery  Oxford Score
Knee Replacement -Total or Partial Useful Links
Computer Assisted Knee Replacement  



Knee Arthritis

The knee is a joint articulation formed between the top of the shin bone (tibia) and the bottom of the thigh bone (femur).

Like all large joints in the body, the joint surfaces of the knee are covered in what is known as hyaline cartilage... 

Knee Keyhole Surgery -Arthroscopy

Cartilage is a thin, elastic tissue that protects the bone and makes certain that the joint surfaces can slide easily over each other.

There are two types of joint cartilage in the knees:

Fibrous cartilage: (meniscus), which has tensile strength and can resist pressure.
Hyaline cartilage: Which covers the surface along which the joints move....

ACL Surgery

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) connects the tibia (shin bone) to the femur (thigh bone).


The function of the ACL is to provide stability to the knee and minimize stress across the knee joint...

Multiple Ligaments Surgery

The PCL is one of four main ligaments which hold the femur and tibia together. The PCL's main job is to keep the tibia from falling too far back (posteriorly) from the femur.

Injuries to the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) are rare, accounting for only about 5% of all knee ligament injuries. There is disagreement among physicians over which patients with isolated PCL ruptures ...

Knee Replacement -Total or Partial

Total knee replacement involves replacing the injured or damaged part of the knee with artificial parts. Your new knee will consist of a metal component on the end of your thigh bone, a metal and plastic spacer on the upper end of the shin bone and if needed a plastic button on the kneecap....

Computer Assisted Knee Replacement

 Computer navigated surgery is a state-of-the-art surgical technique which increases the accuracy of knee replacement surgery and improves the longevity and functioning of the artificial joint....

Knee Osteotomy

Corrective Osteotomy is an operation that realigns the lower leg to allow an even distribution of weight-bearing forces across the knee.

There are two types of alignment problems that can occur to the lower leg:

- valgus malalignment (or knock-knee)
- varus malalignment (or bowed knee): more common condition...


There are 2 main types of anaesthetic performed. They are:
    - 1) General Anaesthetic – nerve block may be used to augment pain relief
    - 2) Regional Anaesthetics – Spinal or epidural anaesthetic.
Sometimes you may receive a combination of these...

ACL Rehab Protocol

One of the most common complications following ACL reconstruction is loss of motion,

especially loss of extension.

The risk of developing a stiff knee after surgery can be significantly reduced if the surgery is delayed until the acute inflammatory phase has passed, the swelling has subsided, a normal or near normal range of motion (especially extension) has been obtained, and a normal gait pattern has been re-established...

Oxford Score

The Oxford Knee Score (OKS) is a 12-item patient-reported PRO specifically designed and developed to assess function and pain after total knee replacement (TKR) surgery (arthroplasty). It is short, reproducible, valid and sensitive to clinically important changes...

Useful Links

A list of Educational links from trusted websites

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